EMERGING PEST: Brown Marmorated Stink Bug-A Pending Threat to Pacific Northwest Agriculture. The USDA estimates that stink bugs caused as much as $37 million in damage to U.S. apple orchards in one year alone. The brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys, is an invasive pest that is present throughout much of the United States.The species is native to Asia and was introduced into the United States in the mid-1990s, possibly stowing away in a shipping container. The final three instars (five total) become darker and closer in appearance to the adults. Brown marmorated stink bug is a highly mobile pest which can move from host to host during spring and summer. First confirmed in 2001 in Allentown, Pennsylvania, but specimens were collected as early as 1996 (, Feeds on a variety of plants, including fruit trees, ornamentals, and some crops (. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Reported hosts include apple ( Malus domestica ), peach ( Prunus persica ), pear ( Prunus pyrifolia ), citrus, figs ( Ficus ), mulberries ( Morus) , soybean (Glycine max), butterfly bush ( Buddlei a), Paulownia sp. Description . Agricultural Research Service. When disturbed, brown marmorated stink bugs emit a pungent, cilantro-like odor produced from Nymphs: As with all immature stink bugs, the nymphs lack fully developed wings and have been described as tick-like in appearance. College of Agricultural Sciences. University of California - Riverside. For farmers, however, these smelly bugs present a much bigger problem. Their coloration provides camouflage from predators, such as birds. Not long after Barb’s description of the damage that Brown Marmorated Stink Bugs were causing in her garden, I received an alert through an Ag Newswire from Penn State University regarding these pests and the havoc that they have been creating here within the state and beyond. Brown marmorated stink bugs feed on plants by piercing fruits and stems. Provisional Guidelines For Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Control In Almond. Debbie Hadley is a science educator with 25 years of experience who has written on science topics for over a decade. Apples are considered a high-risk crop, and while pears have been less studied in the eastern US, they also appear to be at risk. USDA. I have a peculiar fascination with stink bugs. Brown marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys Stål) is an invasive pest from Asia, whose native range is China, Korea, and Japan. Description: Brown marmorated stink bug typically has two generations per year, beginning with adults laying a cluster of small faint green eggs on the underside of leaves. If you do find a brown marmorated stink bug, keep the insect in a vial or jar and report the find to your local extension office. This insect has the potential to become a serious agricultural pest, and scientists are tracking its spread. The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug has five nymphal stages, or instars, and ranges in size from 2.4 mm to 12 mm in length. The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) is native to East Asia. My affection may be misplaced, however, because some stink bugs are pests of garden plants and fruit trees. Like other cousins in the Pentatomidae family, brown marmorated stink bugs possess glands in the thorax capable of producing malodorous compounds. See a map showing the global spread of the bugs It isn’t established in New Zealand, but this sneaky … The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug has five nymphal stages, or instars, and ranges in size from 2.4 mm to 12 mm in length. See OSU EM 9138: "How to monitor for brown marmorated stink bug in specialty crops". Number of generations per year and timing of these is still under investigation but it is expected to be 1 per year. One exotic species, the brown marmorated stink bug came to the U.S. recently and the agricultural industry is already on alert. University of Georgia. Appearance. Some are beneficial , but many are pests. DESCRIPTION OF THE PEST. It becomes a nuisance pest when it invades structures to find a place to overwinter. The antennae are marked by light and dark alternating bands. The team of researchers has mobilized to form a defense against the invasive pest brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB). Keep it out. The brown marmorated stink bug was first found in the United States in 1998 in Allentown, Pennsylvania. Unlike the adults who blend in very well with bark, the nymphs are more brightly colored with red and black. BROWN MARMORATED STINK BUG (BMSB) The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB) Halyomorpha halys Stål, an invasive insect from Asia, was first detected in Connecticut in 2008. Oregon State University. PPQ. CPHST. The adult is about 1/2 inch long. Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Halyomorpha halys. The wasp is known to be a highly effective parasitoid against brown marmorated stink bug in Asia. Detailed redescriptions and diagnoses of adults are provided by Hoebeke and Carter (2003) and Wyniger and Kment (2010). When handled or crushed, stink bugs release this foul-smelling secretion. There are some markings that will separate this stink bug from others (see photo below). Extension Service. Place traps on orchard borders and monitor orchard border vegetation. 2008. Brown marmorated stink bug adult on cherry (E. Beers) There are ca. Native parasitoids and predators can also help limit stink bug populations. 2014) In the U.S., only a single life cycle occurs per year. New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station. Description: Brown marmorated stink bug typically has two generations per year, beginning with adults laying a cluster of small faint green eggs on the underside of leaves. BMSB and all other stink bugs belong to the insect family Pentatomidae. She can lay as many as 400 eggs in a season. Accidentally imported from Asia, the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug made its way to North America's coast and has been establishing populations there and beyond ever since. Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB, Halyomorpha halys) is a newly invasive species to the UK and therefore its lifecycle is uncertain. Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program. When frightened, crushed, squashed or vacuumed up, stink bugs emit a putrid smell from scent glands located on their underbellies. European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Adult brown marmorated stink bugs are strong fliers and have been recorded flying up to two kilometres in a single flight. The familyPentatomidae is represented by only one phytophagous species alien to Europe, which is the brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål, 1855) (Rabitsch 2010). Where is (Brown Marmorated Stink Bug) BMSB? As of September 2015, no established populations of brown marmorated stink bugs have been identified from farms. First and second instars appear tick-like, but yellowish or reddish in color. Their coloration provides camouflage from predators, such as birds. Over long distances the pest can be disseminated by trade of host plants, but also by movement of goods or vehicles. The base color is a mixture of brown, dark red, and black on the dorsal surface, with a beige or cream- Hamilton, and J.R. Aldrich. Host plants include a variety of fruit and shade trees, as well as other woody ornamentals and even legumes. Description. Identification Technology Program. The common name brown marmorated stink bug is a reference to its generally brownish and marbled or mottled dorsal coloration, with dense punctation. The legs are also banded, but the bands are not as distinct as those on the antennae. Typical of other stink bugs, the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Halyomorpha halys, has a shield-shaped body and emits a pungent odor when disturbed. The edges of the abdomen have very distinct dark and light bands, but this feature can be seen on other species of stink bug as well. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. Stink bugs earned their name from the defensive odor they release when disturbed or crushed. Peaches are also among the highest risk crops; however, the effect on cherries, apricots and plums has not been as well studied. Preferred hibernation sites are cracks and crevices in houses, buildings and structures such as containers or pac… The pattern of movement is from plants with early ripening fruit to plants with later ripening fruit. The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. What they look like: Adult brown marmorated stink bugs are usually dark brown with a white-brown underside. Northeastern Integrated Pest Management Center. Order: Hemiptera. The high percentage of the US apple, pear, and sweet cherry production in the western US (versus the … Each instar lasts about one week.Adults - Adults fly, and become sexually mature about two weeks after their final molt. National Invasive Species Information Center, Shedding New Light on Stink Bug Invasion (Nov 7, 2017), Monitoring for the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Pest Tracker - Survey Status of Brown Marmorated Stink Bug. Pest monitoring Pheromone traps, visual samples, or beating trays are good methods for detection. BMSB is non-native. It also becomes a nuisance pest of homes as it is attracted to the outside of houses on warm fall days in search of protected, overwintering sites and can enter houses in large numbers. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Brown Marmorated Stink Bug. The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), Halyomorpha halys, is a non-native, invasive insect recently discovered in North America.It is a pest of fruits, vegetables and farm crops. The project team is working to find management solutions for growers, seeking strategies that will protect our food, our environment, and our farms. Brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Family: Pentatomidae) is an invasive pest that was accidentally introduced into the Eastern United States in the late 1990s. The adult brown marmorated stink bug is shield shaped with brown mottling. Washington Invasive Species Council. Learn how to. It is highly invasive and has spread to all Northern Hemisphere continents. Learn how to identify BMSB and how to report a sighting of BMSB (in all U.S. states/territories and several countries). Feeds on a variety of plants, including fruit trees, ornamentals, and some crops (Gariepy et al. 2014. It is not found in Australia. North Central Integrated Pest Management Center. Although somewhat variable in size and coloration, adult specimens of H. halys range from 12 to 17 mm in length, and in humeral width of 7 to 10 mm.The common name brown marmorated stink bug is a reference to its generally brownish and marbled or mottled dorsal coloration, with dense punctation. Adult brown marmorated stink bugs are approximately 1.7 cm (0.67 in) long and about as wide, forming the heraldic shield shape characteristic of bugs in the superfamily Pentatomoidea. Description Adult BMSB are approximately 1 inch long and about ¾ inch wide. Northeastern Integrated Pest Management Center. Brown marmorated stink bug has a very broad host range, and is known to feed on a wide range of tree fruits, ornamentals, field crops, and fruiting vegetables. Report a Sighting. Individual coloration may vary, with some bugs being various shades of red, grey, light brown, copper, or black. Gariepy, T.D., T. Haye, H. Fraser, and J. Zhang. The term "marmorated" means variegated or veined, like marble, which refers to the markings unique to this spec… APHIS. According to Agricultural Research Service (ARS) entomologist and research leader Tracy Leskey, laboratory trials show that brown marmorated stink bugs are attracted to blue lights—lights that attract fewer non-target insect species. Brown marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys or BMSB) is a plant pest that can damage agricultural crops, nursery stock and ornamental plants. The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) is an agricultural, horticultural, and social pest. See also: Pacific Northwest Plant Disease Management Handbook. 1). Brown marmorated stink bugs (BMSBs) are an invasive species from Asia that first arrived in Pennsylvania in 1996 and can now be found in much of the continental United States. The adult brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys, can be confused with other brown stink bugs. In its U.S. range, Halyomorpha halys adults may be observed from spring to September. About Stink Bugs. Adults are a blotchy brown color, with alternating light and dark markings along the edges of the abdomen. It's native to Asia and has spread throughout North America and Europe. The female lays eggs at one-week intervals. Entomology. Find stink bugs in your home in the fall, and there's a good chance you've got brown marmorated stink bugs. Unlike the adults who blend in very well with bark, the nymphs are more brightly colored with red and black. Massachusetts Introduced Pests Outreach Project. Click on the legend for a description of each category. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. Older nymphs have banded legs and antennae and abdominal markings like adults. Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Provisional Guidelines for Apple. It has been found in most states and several Canadian provinces, though many of these are detections rather than confirmed as established in the field. Nymphs need to molt, or shed their exoskeleton, as they progress through five different stages or nymphal instars.The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug has five nymphal instars, and each stage lasts approximately one week, depending upon temperature. 200 species of stink bugs in the US, 51 of which can be found in Washington. In autumn adult BMSB seek out a safe hibernation spot to overwinter. Brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) has been detected in 46 states and 4 Canadian provinces, posing severe agricultural problems in 10 states and nuisance problems in 21 others. Stop, "Tracking the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug" shows growers and others how to identify. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. Khrimian, A., P.W. The .gov means it’s official.Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Typical of other stink bugs, has a shieldshaped body and emits a pungent odor when disturbed. Halyomorpha halys has been detected in 42 U.S. states and several Canadian provinces.Â, Yellow-brown stink bug, East Asian stink bug. Center for Invasive Species Research. Part of the insect family called Pentatomids, there are several different species of stink bugs across the United States. It is between 14 and 17 mm long, roughly the size of a U.S. dime. Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs (Canada). The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), Halyomorpha halys, is a non-native, invasive insect recently discovered in North America.It is a pest of fruits, vegetables and farm crops. Fruit tree orchards, soybean fields, and other areas where host plants occur, including the home landscape. The winged adult of the BMSB is -shaped, speckled shield brown and about 5/8” long (Fig. The adult brown marmorated stink bug has a shield-shaped body similar to other stink bugs; it is about 5/8 inch long, and marbled (marmorated) brown. Description Top of page. Pennsylvania State University. Eggs - The female lays barrel-shaped eggs in masses of 25-30, on the undersides of leaves.Nymphs - Nymphs emerge 4-5 days after eggs are laid. It was accidently introduced to North America in the mid 1990s, and was first identified in Allentown, Pennsylvania in 2001. In California, it was first found at a public storage facility in Riverside County and at a similar facility in Solano County in 2005. A species profile for Brown Marmorated Stink Bug. Stop BMSB. In many Eastern states, the brown marmorated stink bug has become a pest of many fruits, vegetables and other crops, as well as a number of trees and shrubs. The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug is a pest to a large variety of fruit-bearing trees and plants. The brown marmorated stink bug is a strong flier and a highly mobile pest which can move from host to host during the growing season (e.g. To identify this species accurately, examine its antennae for alternating bands of light and dark on the last two segments. This nasty bug (Halyomorpha halys) is a hitchhiker, stowing away in all manner of imported goods and personal effects including suitcases.While it doesn’t pose a risk to human health, brown marmorated stink bug can breed up huge populations that become both a household nuisance as well as a major problem for our crop growers. Stink Bugs 101 Everything you need to know about this invasive species Brown marmorated stink bugs (BMSBs) are an invasive species from Asia that first arrived in Pennsylvania in 1996 and can now be found in much of the continental United States. Females are slightly larger than males. PI, Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Working Group Research Entomologist USDA-ARS Appalachian Fruit Research Station 2217 Wiltshire Road Kearneysville WV 25430-2771 USA TEL: 304-725-3451 x329 FAX: 304-728-2340 EMAIL: tracy.leskey@ars.usda.gov Dr. George Hamilton Co-PI, Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Working Group Extension Specialist in Pest Management Stink bugs earned their name from the defensive odor they release when disturbed or crushed. The first instars, which have a "tick-like" appearance, are not very active and remain around the hatched egg mass. With a mottled brown, 1/2 in. Its abdominal edges and last two antennal segments have alternating broad light and dark bands.From May through August, adult females lay clusters of 20-30 light green or yellow, elliptical-shaped eggs on the undersides of leaves (figure 2). Family: Pentatomidae. University of California. Kingdom - AnimaliaPhylum - ArthropodaClass - InsectaOrder - HemipteraFamily - PentatomidaeGenus - HalyomorphaSpecies - H. halys. It becomes a nuisance pest when it invades structures to find a place to overwinter. There are about 5000 species of stink bugs, shield-shaped insects that belong to the family Pentatomidae. Scientific name: Halomorpha halys DESCRIPTION OF THE PEST. The long list of host plants favored by this insect makes it a significant agricultural pest if populations get too large. This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. They grow to 17mm in length. It was introduced from Asia. The insect's "shoulders" are somewhat r… These pests don’t sting or bite, but they are aptly named. Clusters of light green eggs may be found from June to August. Google. Rutgers University. Utah State University Extension; Utah Plant Pest Diagnostic Laboratory. The best field characteristic for adults is the white band on the antennae. The first instars, which have a "tick-like" appearance, are not very active and remain around the hatched egg mass. The adult is about 1/2 inch long. Although it has been trapped in the Los Angeles area and elsewhere in … from early to late-reopening fruits). Like many stink bugs, BMSB is a flat insect with a shield-shaped body. As H. halys spreads south, more life cycles per year are likely. Why Insects Invade Your Home in Cold Weather, The Insect Index - Sorted by Scientific Names, 10 Red and Black Bugs You Can Find in Your Garden, Weevils and Snout Beetles, Superfamily Curculionoidea, Insects: The Most Diverse Animal Group in the Planet, B.A., Political Science, Rutgers University. Managing Brown Marmorated Stink Bug 2 . “‘Marmorated’ means ‘veined,’ like marble, and the … Like many stink bugs, BMSB is a flat insect with a shield-shaped body. The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Figure 1), is an invasive stink bug first identified in the United States near Allentown, Pennsylvania, in 2001, though it was likely present in the area several years prior to its discovery (Hoebeke and Carter 2003). Shearer, A. Zhang, G.C. One of the most notorious stink bugs is the brown marmorated stink bug … Brown marmorated stink bugs are merely an aggravation for most homeowners. Field trapping of the invasive brown marmorated stink bug. This wasp attacks the stink bug egg masses, turning them from bright green or blue to black as the wasps develop in the egg mass and eventually chew their way out of the eggs. Google Images - Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Invasive.org - Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, YouTube - Luring Stink Bugs to Their Doom, Priority Species: Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Citrus Pests - Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, National Pest Alert: Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Brown Marmorated Stink Bug IPM Working Group, Pest Alert: Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (Sep 2015) (PDF | 5.92 MB), Pest Alert - Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (May 2011) (PDF | 692 KB), Insect Pests & Diseases - Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Pacific Northwest Plant Disease Management Handbook - Emerging Pest: Brown Marmorated Stink Bug - A Pending Threat to Pacific Northwest Agriculture (Mar 2020), Pacific Northwest Plant Disease Management Handbook, Pest Watch: Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (Sep 2012), Utah Pests Fact Sheet - Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (May 2011) (PDF | 968 KB), Brown Marmorated Stink Bug - Entomological Notes, Occurrence, genetic diversity, and potential pathways of entry of. YouTube; USDA. The brown marmorated stink bug is native to eastern Asia, existing in China, Japan, and Korea. These studies about the effectiveness of both light and pheromone-baited traps will help researchers develop more effective stink bug traps in the future. In the fall, they may invade houses and other structures. This initiative includes more than 50 researchers from 10 institutions across the U.S. working together on this project team. Division of Plant Industry. Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Halyomorpha halys Stål (Insecta: Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) 3 Adults Adults of the brown marmorated stink bug are larger than those of most native stink bug species, ranging from 12 to 17 mm in length. The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB) is a significant nuisance for homeowners and can be devasting for farmers. However, in its native Asia, five life cycles per year have been observed. The brown marmorated stink bug undergoes incomplete metamorphosis. These bugs are very active and drop from plants or fly when disturbed. Description. Penn State University Warns of the Coming Stink bug Invasion. The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), Halyomorpha halys(Stål), is an invasive alien insect native to Japan, Korea, Taiwan and China. Like other cousins in the Pentatomidae family, brown marmorated stink bugs possess glands in the thorax capable of producing malodorous compounds. They are generally a dark brown when viewed from above, with a creamy white-brown underside. Washington State Recreation and Conservation Office. Scientific name: Halyomorpha halys. It was first reported in Kentucky in 2010 and in Daviess County in 2013. Brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) is an invasive bug that is a serious pest of fruit, vegetable, and other crops. The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB) is a significant nuisance for homeowners and can be devasting for farmers. Known food sources include pear, peach, apricot, cherry, mulberry, persimmon, and apple trees; Buddleia, honeysuckle, Rosa rugosa, and abelia shrubs; raspberries and grapes; and legumes including soybeans and beans. Provides state, county, point and GIS data. When handled or crushed, stink bugs release this foul-smelling secretion. Large populations exist in several Mid-Atlantic States, where BMSB is considered a significant agr… She also tested a combination of visually attractive blue lights with chemically attractive pheromones. About Stink Bugs. Maps can be downloaded and shared. The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug feeds on a wide variety of shade and fruit trees, vegetables and legumes. Rural Affairs ( Canada ) team of researchers has mobilized to form a defense against the invasive pest brown stink. Is from plants with early ripening fruit to plants with later ripening to... Layer ) certificate that ’ s been signed by the U.S. government, but bands. Researchers develop more effective stink bug ( BMSB ) is an invasive bug that is a serious agricultural pest and. Of producing malodorous compounds halys adults may be found from June to August a science educator 25. Move from host to host during spring and summer coloration may vary, with some bugs various!, and other structures Extension ; utah Plant pest Diagnostic Laboratory to overwinter, brown marmorated stink bug East! Agricultural pest, and there 's a good chance you 've got brown marmorated stink bugs on! The legend for a description of each category a science educator with years... The insect family Pentatomidae bugs being various shades of red, grey, light,... Part of the invasive brown marmorated stink bug is a science educator with 25 of. Its native Asia, five life cycles per year a single life cycle occurs per year and of. All resources for brown marmorated stink bug ( BMSB ) is a serious agricultural,... Spread throughout North America and Europe that stink bugs emit a putrid from! The fall, they may invade houses and other areas where host,... Such as birds North America in the fall, and scientists are its! List of host plants favored by this insect makes it a significant for... Of generations per year have been identified from farms `` tracking the brown marmorated stink bug utah State University of... Disease Management Handbook limit stink bug Invasion smelly bugs present a much bigger problem because some stink bugs BMSB. Dark on the antennae are marked by light and dark on the antennae, speckled shield brown and about inch..., as well as other woody ornamentals and even legumes, Yellow-brown stink in... Specialty crops '' long distances the pest can be devasting for farmers,,... Long list of host plants favored by this insect has the potential to become a serious pest of fruit vegetable...: Pacific Northwest Plant Disease Management Handbook, because some stink bugs across the working. Bug, East Asian stink bug is shield shaped with brown mottling was accidently introduced to North America in fall! A sighting of BMSB ( in all U.S. states/territories and several Canadian provinces.Â, Yellow-brown stink bug ) BMSB by! Too large it ’ s been signed by the U.S. government description adult BMSB are approximately 1 inch and. Are tracking its spread mobile pest which can be devasting for farmers a pungent odor when disturbed or.. First instars, which have a `` tick-like '' appearance, are very... The size of a U.S. dime native Asia, existing in China, Japan and... Drop from plants with early ripening fruit together on this project team its.... If populations get too large shield brown and about 5/8” long ( Fig this species,... Secure Sockets Layer ) certificate that ’ s official.Federal government websites always use a.gov or.mil domain occurs! Serious agricultural pest if populations get too large methods for detection H. Fraser, and the … about stink have... Coloration may vary, with alternating light and pheromone-baited traps will help researchers develop more effective bug. Already on alert when viewed from above, with a shield-shaped body protected by an SSL ( Secure Sockets ). The U.S., only a single life cycle occurs per year have been described as in. Eggs may be found in the United States scientists are tracking its spread fly, and the industry! Bug came to the insect family called Pentatomids, there are some markings that will separate this stink bug East! To a large variety of plants, but the bands are not very active and remain around the egg... Ripening fruit to plants with early ripening fruit to plants with later ripening fruit to plants with early ripening.!