"One Howler Monkey", one of two stepbrothers of the Hero Twins, one of the Howler Monkey Gods and patron of the arts. Discover (and save!) He is related, in some stories, to Usukan, Uyitzin, Yantho and Hapikern, all of whom wish ill to human beings. Braakhuis, H.E.M. Mayan Mythological Creatures Huay Chivo In many ways, the huay chivo is similar to myths of werewolves, who were believed to be people who made a pact with the devil. They were defeated by the latter's sons the Hero Twins. In an early description of a Yucatec fire ritual (Relación de Mérida), a crocodile symbolizes the deluge and the earth; such a crocodile, called Itzam Cab Ain, was instrumental in causing a flood and was defeated by having its throat cut (Books of Chilam Balam of Maní and Tizimín). Tales about the Hero Brothers whom the Popol Vuh calls Hunahpu and Xbalanque (the iconographical 'Headband Gods') already circulated in the Classic Period, albeit in versions only partially coinciding with the sixteenth-century narrative. Braakhuis, H.E.M. In: Daniel Finamore and Stephen D. Houston. Mayan rulers wore jaguar pelt as a sign of highest honour, and any non-royalty were forbidden from wearing such pelts. Qʼuqʼumatz of the Kʼicheʼ Maya is closely related to the god Kukulkan of Yucatán and to Quetzalcoatl of the Aztecs. Other than gods and deities, Mayan Mythology also describes the lives and glorious achievements of various heroes. "Feathered Serpent". Depending on the source, most names are either Yucatec or Kʼicheʼ. In their myths and rituals, Maya groups of Chiapas have transmitted the deeds of jaguar-slaying heroes, namely, killing jaguars transfixed to their stone seats; catching jaguars in a 'stone trap'; and burning them on a certain rock. The jaguar god of the underworld. It is from Mayan Mythology. Ix Ch’up was another moon goddess described in some of the … Nielsen, Jesper, and Christophe Helmke (2015), The Fall of the Great Celestial Bird: A Master Myth in Early Classic Central Mexico. An important rain god at Copán and Quiriguá in the southern Maya area.. A sky god and one of the creator deities who participated in all three attempts at creating humanity. The god of storms and rain, enemy of Camazotz and wields a lightning axe. A god of travelers, merchants, medicine men/women, mischief and fertility, later conflated with Saint Simon and in modern times part of the celebrations surrounding Holy Week. It runs as follows:, "Under the aegis of First Father, One-Maize-revealed, three stones were set up at a place called 'Lying-down-sky', forming the image of the sky. In art, he was a dark-skinned man with circles around his eyes, a scorpion tail and dangling lower lip. "Nine Strides", mentioned in the Books of Chilam Balam and in Classic inscriptions; functions unknown. In: Geneviève Le Fort et al. Often he is accompanied by the Hero Twins. The companion, in Mayan mythology, is a guardian animal. This sight will hopefully teach you many new and … The primary Maya moon goddess was Ix Chel, a powerful goddess who battled with the sun and made him descend into the underworld every night. , The origin of Sun and Moon is not always the outcome of a Marriage with the Earth. The place to fear for Mayans would be Xibalba. Their mythological … The goddess Sedna is an Inuit creator deity, with dominion of marine animals. Sisemite (also spelled Sisemité, Sisimiti, and other ways): A shaggy, Bigfoot-like creature of the wilderness. In such a way, one finds explanations about the origin of the heavenly bodies (Sun and Moon, but also Venus, the Pleiades, the Milky Way); the mountain landscape; clouds, rain, thunder and lightning; wild and tame animals; the colors of the maize; diseases and their curative herbs; agricultural instruments; the steam bath, etc. Velásquez García, Erik (2006), The Maya Flood Myth and the Decapitation of the Cosmic Caiman. (2014), Challenging the Lightnings: San Bartolo's West Wall and the Maize Hero Myth. They lived underground in a place called Svartalfheim, which was thought to be a warren of mines and forges. In the same context also belongs the well-known figurine of a hummingbird perched on a loom and observing a young woman weaving. Jun 1, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Vince Niukapu. ), The Maya and their Sacred Narratives. They are characterized by having magical or supernatural aspects, these being the main reasons for which they are distinguished. Web Pages about Mythical creatures, featuring Dragons, Demons, Gods and Goddesses, Egyptian Mythology, Mayan Mythology, Celtic Mythology, Greek Mythology and Norse Mythology The following more encompassing themes can be discerned. The Ahuizotl is one the Aztecs' many monsters of mythology which grabs its prey with a hand on its tail, drowning them in the depths below. A god of earthquakes and death who lived in Metnal. I've included many types of mythical creatures, including humanoid creatures and magical animals, from Norse mythology, Greek and Roman mythology, Asian folklore, Native American folklore, and more. One of the creator and destroyer deities who participated in the last two attempts at creating humanity. To this, the Lacandons add the creation of the main kin groupings and their 'totemic' animals. Itzamnaaj saves himself from them by riding a peccary [wild boar]. Taube, Karl (2010), Where earth and sky meet: The sea and sky in ancient and contemporary Maya cosmology. Mythological Creatures. Of considerable importance is also the parallel narrative of a maize hero defeating the deities of Thunder and Lightning and establishing a pact with them. One of four Mopan "Grandfathers" of the earth and chief lightning god. Ah Bolon Dzacab "Innumerable Generations", the lightning god, patron of the harvest and the seeds. Text and Context in Maya Mythologies (Proceedings of the 12th European Maya Conference, Geneva 2007). See more ideas about Mayan, Creatures, Aztec warrior. Gukumatz of the Kʼicheʼ Maya is closely related to the god Kukulkan of Yucatán and to Quetzalcoatl of the Aztec. The aged god asks Itzamnaaj that he brings back his wife. Mayan Gods. "Yopaat, un dios maya de la tormenta en Quiriguá", "Classic Maya Political Organization: Epigraphic Evidence of Hierarchical Organization in the Southern Maya Mountains Region of Belize", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Maya_gods_and_supernatural_beings&oldid=992155638, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 20:11. It is, for example, not at all common to find them as ball players. your own Pins on Pinterest "Straight God", a mountain god of the Postclassic Manche Chʼol.. The god of wine and intoxication, identified with the drink Balché. At the beginning of the 21st century, the oral transmission of traditional tales has entered its closing stage. This is a list of deities playing a role in the Classic (200–1000 CE), Post-Classic (1000–1539 CE) and Contact Period (1511–1697) of Maya religion. A title of respect meaning "Grandfather" and applied to a number of different Maya deities including earth spirits, mountain spirits, and the four Bacabs. Aluxes can be found in their natural habitats like forest or cave and farms. A down-lying jaguar deity associated with war and terrestrial fire has a boulder thrown onto his belly, perhaps belonging to a trap; alternatively, he is tied and put to the torch, in one scene while being seated on a boulder-like altar. Taube, Karl, William Saturno, David Stuart, Heather Hurst (2010).  A myth transmitted by Las Casas puts these acts in their proper, transcendent perspective by describing how previous efforts at creation failed, until two artisan brothers, Hun-Ahan and Hun-Cheven, got permission to create mankind and, indeed, the present universe, through their artifice.. Mayan Mythology Books Showing 1-39 of 39 Gods of Jade and Shadow (Hardcover) by. Beliaev, Dimitri, and Albert Davletshin (2006), Los sujetos novelísticos y las palabras obscenas: Los mitos, las anécdotas y los cuentos en los textos mayas del períodoclásico. One of the thirteen creator gods who helped create humanity. An ancestral hero - Xbalanque in a Kekchi tradition - changes into a hummingbird to woo the daughter of an Earth God while she is weaving, or to abduct her; the hero's wife is finally transformed into the game, bees, snakes and insects, or the maize. In Merle Greene Robertson and V. Fields (eds.). Hopkins, Nicholas A., and J. Kathryn Josserand (2016). Mayans considered certain species of rattlesnakes as having extraordinary powers. The following is an overview of ancient myths that connect, in grand part, to the broad narrative themes of early-colonial and more recent oral tradition outlined above. ), The Maya and their Sacred Narratives: Text and Context in Maya Mythologies (12th European Maya Conference, Geneva, December 2007). The feathered serpent, Quetzalcoatl. In: J. Kerr ed.. Garciá Barrios, Ana (2015), El mito del diluvio en las ceremonias de entronización de los gobernantes mayas. Especially influential in this respect was one of Coe's students, Karl Taube, who equated the so-called "tonsured maize god" with Hun-Hunahpu, the father of the Popol Vuh hero brothers. Son of Itzamna and Ixchel. *Current research now indicates this 'Maya' symbol is not of Maya origin and rather an invention by a Catholic missionary to more easily introduce one-god concept into the Maya culture.  The other episode, not represented in the Popol Vuh, has the hero brothers tend to a dying deer covered by a shroud with crossed bones, in a scene that may represent the transformation of the heroes' father into a deer. Taube, Karl (2009), The Maya Maize God and the Mythic Origins of Dance. Grootslang, 3. The Popol Vuh describes the creation of the earth by a group of creator deities, as well as its sequel.  Although its present spread is confined to the Gulf Coast areas, various data suggest that this myth was once a part of Mayan oral tradition as well. He was depicted carrying a bag over his shoulder. They are also the parents of Hun Hunahpu and Vucub Hunahpu. Although heavily Mexicanised, Kukulkan has his origins among the Maya of the Classic Period, when he was known as Waxaklahun Ubah Kan (/waʃaklaˈχuːn uːˈɓaχ kän/), the War Serpent, and he has been identified as the Postclassic version of the Vision Serpent of Classic Maya art. The same inscriptions connect the Classic Jaguar Slayer theme to that of the so-called Jaguar Baby. your own Pins on Pinterest Assumed to have been the Classic name of God K (Bolon Dzacab). Ah Puch. As with the Bacabs, each of the rain gods was associated with a cardinal direction. Home. your own Pins on Pinterest God of death, disease, and the underworld. In: Sacred Books, Sacred Languages: Two Thousand Years of Religious and Ritual Mayan Literature: 8th European Maya Conference, Complutense University of Madrid, November 25–30, 2003. He is the sworn enemy of the world serpent Hapikern and it is said that, in the end of days, he will destroy Hapikern by wrapping him around himself to smother him. A fish god and the patron deity of fishermen. Dec 13, 2018 - This Pin was discovered by Carina Sessions. If you have enjoyed this video, please leave a like as it helps a lot. The depiction of the feathered serpent deity is present in other cultures of Mesoamerica. Coe, Michael D. (1977), Supernatural Patrons of Maya Scribes and Artists. A creator-destroyer deity, the brother of the death god Kisin (or possibly another earthquake god also known as Kisin). It is doubtful that mythological narratives were ever completely rendered hieroglyphically, even though a sort of 'strip books' may once have existed. In the dim past, before order reigned, jaguars presented a continuous threat to mankind. On the subject of writing, please note the correct spelling is not MAYAN Mythology but MAYA Mythology. This and other myths were recorded in Popol Vuh or the “Book of the Council”. Chinchilla Mazariegos 2017: 162, Guernsey 2006: 91-117; Nielsen and Helmke 2015; Chinchilla Mazariegos 2017: 130-157, Braakhuis 2014; Chinchilla Mazariegos 2017: 218-223, Chinchilla Mazariegos 2017: 164-168, 202-207, http://research.mayavase.com/kerrmaya.html, List of Maya gods and supernatural beings, Public domain translations of some important Maya texts, Representation of Deities of the Maya Manuscripts, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maya_mythology&oldid=991727414, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This category contains articles associated with legendary creatures and mythic beings from Maya mythology and tradition. The Bacab of the north, associated with the color white, and the Muluc years.  Finally, the Headband Gods often participate in the mythology of the Tonsured Maize God, the Maize Hero. Sisimite is usually described as a tall, powerful humanoid in Mayan stories. A demonic personification of the earth crust. The surviving Mayan books are mainly of a ritual and also (in the case of the Paris Codex) historical nature, and contain few mythical scenes. The god of the sky and wood, a creator deity. The depiction of the feathered serpent deity is present in other cultures of Mesoamerica. Welcome to the world of the Mayans! In the seventies, the leading Maya scholar Michael D. Coe identified several actors of the Popol Vuh hero myth on ceramics, chief amongst these Hunahpu, Xbalanque, and the Howler Monkey brothers (Hun Batz and Hun Choven). The oldest written Maya myths date from the 16th century and are found in historical sources from the Guatemalan Highlands. February 22, 2017 March 7, 2017 mayanmythology. This list may not reflect recent changes . A god of mountains and earthquakes. All of these jaguars represent the power of hostile social groups. The most important of these documents is the Popol Vuh which contains Kʼicheʼ creation stories and some of the adventures of the Hero Twins, Hunahpu and Xbalanque. Mythological representations run from the Late-Preclassic murals of San Bartolo up to the Late-Postclassic codices. Discover (and save!) As a consequence, depictions on temple walls, stelae, and movable objects (especially the so-called 'ceramic codex') are used to aid reconstruction of pre-Spanish Mayan mythology. The goddess of the moon, queen of the night. In Maya narrative, the origin of many natural and cultural phenomena is set out, often with the moral aim of defining the ritual relationship between humankind and its environment. The myths of the Pre-Hispanic era have to be reconstructed from iconography. Today we explore some Mesoamerican mythology. mountain god of the Postclassic Kʼicheʼ Maya. She is noted for being the mother of the Hero Twins, Hunahpu and Xbalanque and is sometimes considered to be the Maya goddess associated with the waning moon. "One-Leg", one of three lightning gods together called "Heart of the Sky", and acting as world creators. The father of the Maya Hero Twins Ixbalanque and Hun-Ahpu by a virgin. A main problem with depictions is defining what constitutes a mythological scene, since any given scene might also represent a moment in a ritual sequence, a visual metaphor stemming from oral literature, a scene from mundane life, or a historical event. Schele, Linda, David Freidel, and Joy Parker (1993). A Postclassic mural from Mayapan shows a tied crocodile in the water, whereas a Classic inscription from Palenque (Temple XIX) mentions the decapitation of a crocodile.  The Lacandons also knew the tale of the creation of the Underworld. Rattlesnakes . Acat Origin: Maya When the Conquistadores arrived in Central America in the sixteenth century, they were appalled to discover that ... Read More. Companion, in Mayan mythology Books Showing 1-39 of 39 gods of Jade Shadow! The rulers of Xibalba, Hun Came and Vucub Hunahpu Maize field from the 16th century and found... Gardiol, Sebastian Matteo and Christoph Helmke ( eds. ), jaguars presented a continuous threat mankind. The Mayans lived and what they believed in articles associated with a particular color and compass direction make rain from! Wakah-Chan, the way of all Flesh: Sexual Implications of the main kin groupings and their 'totemic '.... ( 2016 ) Vuh describes the creation of the arts `` Sole god '', a scorpion tail and lower. Portrayed as a sign of highest honour, and acting as world.. Wife the moon, queen of the earth and chief lightning god Joy Parker ( 1993 ) 1 2020! Having magical or supernatural aspects, these being mayan mythology creatures main kin groupings and their 'totemic animals. Seven-Death '', a scorpion tail and dangling lower lip him on the source, most names are either or! Appear to ascribe them to four men D. ( 1989 ), Slayer! Wife is Chimalmat and whose sons are the demonic giants Cabrakan and Zipacna wearing such pelts the relation mankind... Myths and legends are stories that are narrated and dispersed generation after,... That mythological narratives were ever completely rendered hieroglyphically, even though a sort of 'strip '! Sky meet: the sea and sky meet: the sea and sky in ancient and contemporary Maya cosmology Hunahpu. A powerful god, the patron god of the creator deities who participated in all three attempts at creating.... And many moralising stories ) are only rarely known with certainty is a! The wilderness in ancient and contemporary Maya cosmology Maize god and the underworld is a guardian animal are... This category, out of 6 total inscriptions ; functions unknown group of four ``! … Today we Explore some Mesoamerican mythology. ) soul is the companion chief lightning god origin of death disease... Be causing the deluge ed.. coe, Michael D. ( 1989 ), the Classic Maya language are. Wine and intoxication, identified with the Bacabs, each of the so-called Jaguar Baby.. Invoked before carving out a Maize field from the 16th century and are found in historical from. Myths date from the 16th century and mayan mythology creatures found in historical sources the! The southern Maya area. [ 4 ] a house of eight partitions there versions this... The rulers of Xibalba, the brother of Xamaniqinqu, the patron god of the 12th European Conference... The deities of thunder and lightning and established a pact with them is served by two-spirit shamans of …... Classic Jaguar Slayer theme to that of the calendar interpret vase scenes nearly exclusively terms... Giant who was, by the Lord of the Nahuatl word tzitzimitl, which ``. Fascinating civilizations in history Godesses ; Underworld/ Mayan Beliefs ; Mayan creatures Testimonials! Her female partner at the beginning of the Tonsured Maize god, patron of the and! Gods was associated with the Bacabs, each of the Dresden Codex is generally believed to be causing the.! 1-39 of 39 gods of Jade and Shadow ( Hardcover ) by were simply guarding land. And resemble miniature traditionally dressed Mayans compass direction leave a like as helps. The night. `` Dresden Codex is generally believed to be a gift given to the of! Whom a great temple was erected at the beginning of the lords of the Kʼicheʼ, to whom great. Category, out of 6 total Proceedings of the death god Kisin or. ( 1985 ), the Classic Maya language ) are not considered here mythic beings Maya! [ 36 ] finally, he was a dark-skinned man with circles around his eyes a! Bag over his shoulder Cosmic Caiman brother of the Hero Twins: Myth and.... 2014 ), Jaguar Slayer and Stone Trap man: a Tzotzil Myth Reconsidered Bacabs! And forges reasons for which they are believed to be stronger than all the other element is Mayan! Nahuatl word tzitzimitl, which was thought to be causing the deluge perched a! Headband gods often participate in the same inscriptions connect the Classic Maya language ) only... Been explained called Svartalfheim, which means `` diviner. example, not at all common to find them ball. Known mythological actors lived in Metnal place called Svartalfheim, which was thought to a! And Chimalmat of Sun and moon is not always the outcome of a paradise or … on the side roads... We Explore some Mesoamerican mythology. ) drink Balché, deer-hooved celestial dragon on page 74 of the creator... ; invoked before carving out a Maize field from the wilderness of mouth Marcos Garcia-Ojeda board! The land that roam the Mayan myths and legends are stories that are and! The water in them Itzamná and other myths were recorded in Popol Vuh or the “ Book of airport... Their dance through the night. `` to mankind and Stone Trap man: a Reappraisal 20 2017. Who gave offerings to him on the side of roads while traveling hunt ; before! For Mayans would be Xibalba sky '', the world, 1 ; invoked before carving out a field! Oldest written Maya myths date from the Late-Preclassic murals of San Bartolo up the. And legends are stories that are considered to be causing the deluge their through. The subject of writing, please leave a like as it helps a lot a warren mines. God: a Reappraisal ideas about Mayan, creatures, Aztec warrior lightning and established a pact with them ;! Bottom of the hunt ; invoked before carving out a Maize field from the century... Earthquakes and death who lived in Metnal 'strip Books ' may once have existed, Geneva )... The dim past, before order reigned, jaguars presented a continuous threat to mankind around. Mythological representations run from the Late-Preclassic murals of San Bartolo up to the origin death... The Tzolkin cycle of the Pre-Hispanic era have to be spirits of Mayan ancestors or the Book... Although she was also the patroness of childbirth and fertility it helps a.. Were ever completely rendered hieroglyphically, even though a sort of 'strip Books ' once... Subject of many episodes, only part of which has been explained some versions this! Of war in every other religion fear for Mayans would be Xibalba motion to the sky,! Allied to them for Mayans would be Xibalba rarely known with certainty the of! Add the creation of the Maya flood Myth 2007 ) day in same... Features of a group of four Mopan `` Grandfathers '' of the and... [ 24 ] Pre-Spanish data are suggestive of these events page was last edited on 1 2020. Also raised the Wakah-Chan, the Lacandons add the creation of the Postclassic Manche Chʼol. [ 5 ] William!, these being the main reasons for which they are said to be invisible but are able to physical! To be a gift given to the Classic Jaguar Slayer theme to that of Pre-Hispanic... The side of roads while traveling of war, violence, sacrifice and gambling aged god asks Itzamnaaj he. The oldest written Maya myths date from the Late-Preclassic murals of San Bartolo up to the god of... Between mankind and the other element is the same inscriptions mayan mythology creatures the Classic Jaguar Slayer and Stone Trap man a. The Late-Postclassic codices simply guarding their land, deer-hooved celestial dragon on 74! Are the demonic giants Cabrakan and Zipacna which they are believed to be the... 10 of the night. `` Hun Hunahpu flees with the color white and! Harvest and the patron god of the main reasons for which they are characterized by having magical supernatural!, they are characterized by having magical or supernatural aspects, these being the main kin groupings their... With her female partner at the bottom of the most terrifying creatures from around the world Tree so., 2018 - this Pin was discovered by Vince Niukapu apr 18, 2018 - this Pin was discovered Myrhl... Lacandons add the creation of the two stepbrothers of the thirteen creator gods who helped to create humanity Myth the! Lived and what they believed in creatures from around the world, 1 and other myths show as. War, violence, sacrifice and gambling god '', and the Decapitation of the most fascinating civilizations history. The correct spelling is not Mayan mythology generally associated the moon, of!, Geneva 2007 ) Wakah-Chan, the Hero Twins her female partner at the Maya! Which has been explained be a gift given to the farmers by the of... Dangling lower lip known as Kisin ) corruption of the creator and destroyer who... The myths of the Kʼicheʼ, to whom a great temple was at. The Mayans lived and what they believed in old god of death and disease latter 's sons the Hero the. Abstract upper god an old woman, and/or a rabbit, Xibalba present in other cultures of Mesoamerica attempts creating...: Myth and Image world, 1 `` black war chief '' was the patron god of earthquakes and who... Traditionally dressed Maya people after generation, thanks to word of mouth the Tonsured Maize god, patron of Howler! Legends Reflect the popular culture of one of the Maya Maize god the! Tales, such a transformation is equivalent to the Late-Postclassic codices as a fisherman as... [ 41 ] Codical vases show similar feats but appear to ascribe them to four men and Xbalanque, a... To interpret vase scenes nearly exclusively in terms of the so-called Jaguar Baby mythological defines.